GlaxoSmithKline, London, England
$761,018 to winners, $181,318 to losers
Based in London, GlaxoSmithKline was born in 2000 out of a merger between the pharmaceutical giants Glaxo Wellcome and SmithKline Beecham. After Johnson & Johnson and Pfizer, it is the third-largest pharmaceutical company in the world. Among its notable donations, it gave $9.8 million to support Proposition 78 and defeat Proposition 79 in 2005. Both initiatives aimed to establish a prescription drug discount program to help low-income families, but Proposition 79 offered more benefits for patients and increased punishments for “profiteering” drug companies. Both failed at the polls.
Total contributions: $10,945,786
List of contributions
Source: Contribution data from National Institute on Money in State Politics
Credits: Interactive by Michael Corey, Coulter Jones and Chase Davis. Reporting by Coulter Jones. Badge design by Thomas Guffey. Additional reporting by Stanford University students enrolled in a Communications Department investigative reporting class under the direction of California Watch Editorial Director Mark Katches. The project began in January 2011. Students participating were: Devin Banerjee, Daniel Bohm, Kathleen Chaykowski, Tom Corrigan, Cassandra Feliciano, Jamie Hansen, Amy Harris, Josh Hicks, Ellen Huet, Julia James, Paul Jones, Ryan Mac, Valentina Nesci, Dean Schaffer, Elizabeth Titus and Kareem Yasin. Bohm, Hansen, Huet, Harris and Titus continued to work on the project as California Watch interns under the direction of Associate Editor Denise Zapata.